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Cycles – Part One
“There are natural time cycles in most everything, be it nature, the cosmos, events, occurrences, prices, and financial markets. There are cycles in the weather, the economy, the sun, wars, geological formations, atomic vibrations, climate, human moods, births, population, female fertility, motions of the planets, populations of animals, the occurrence of diseases, the prices of stocks & commodity futures markets and even in the structure of the universe and the entire cosmos.
We direct your attention to the above in order so you may have an opportunity to get acquainted with the subject of Cycles. Because Time Cycles are found in EVERYTHING, including price behavior, they can provide stocks and commodities futures traders with an edge in timing trades.
For those of you who actively trade (or desire to learn how to trade) the financial and futures markets, there are a lot of other things outside the markets you should be following. But, I guess my bigger message is for those of you that aren’t in the futures markets, whether you trade them or not, the futures markets have a significant impact on what happens in the other financial markets, including forex, currencies, options and stocks. Learn all about trading knowledge in the comfort of your home, on your schedule, at no cost today.
To take best advantage of trading market cycles it requires you either spend a considerable amount of time and expense to learn how to extract timing signals for yourself, or you take advantage of a service that provides this information for a nominal fee. Either way, using cycles to help you time your trades can provide an edge not found by other means.
There is much information available on the Internet about Cycles that you may wish to do more cyclic research on the-web. There are some interesting free articles written by traders about cycles and how you may be and a hands-on cycles analyst yourself, involving stocks and commodities trading-online at the Commodity Traders Club News CTCN website.
So how can Time Cycles give a financial market stock market trader the trading edge they seek and of course need? It all comes down to achieving good ‘market timing’. If the trader is able to determine with good accuracy the beginning of a new trend or the end of a trend correction, the trader can then enter the market at a price with a lower-risk exposure but still enjoy excellent opportunities for profit.
For those of you trading the futures markets, there are a lot of other things outside future markets you should be following. But, I guess my bigger message is for those of you that aren’t in the futures markets, whether you trade them or not, the futures markets have a tremendous impact on what happens in the other markets. That’s why you should soak up every piece of good trading knowledge like a sponge in a quest to clearly see the bigger picture.
An important reason many traders are not able to profit from a trending market is because they have been entering trades too early or getting in too late, as well as not knowing where to place their protective stop loss orders. If a trader had a very good idea as to where the market was likely to reverse, there would be little question as to where to place the protective stop and where to enter the trade.
Of course having this timing edge is only a part of the overall scheme of things. Others include managing the trade once it enters profit territory and have the mental fortitude to stick to a trading plan. But with that said, determining the likely direction of the trend and where turns are likely to occur plays a very important part of the complete trading plan
So why aren’t Cycles used commonly among traders? There are several reasons, none of which reflect negatively on cycles themselves as a trading tool. Some traders fail to realize market behavior is not a random event but instead one based on Cycles (Natural Laws). Others don't want to take the time to fully understand what Cycles are and how they can benefit from them. And of course, some simply are not aware of cycles.
For the latter reason, hopefully this multi-part series on Cycles will be an eye-opener. Because no one can change the course of market cycles, it does not matter how many are aware of Cycles or decide to use them. Perhaps it is also Natural Law that we will continue to have a skeptic majority when it comes to successful analytical approaches to market timing that will insure that we will continue to be able to use Cycles in effectively timing trades. It does matter.
Before we get deeper into Time-Cycles in the following parts of this series, it should be noted that Cycle Analysis is only a tool for market timing. It is not a complete trading system or the only tool you may wish to use when planning trades. However, when it comes to timing, it is perhaps the best timing tool you can have in your trading arsenal.
This completes Part One.
CYCLES – Part Two
When it comes to the subject of Time Cycles, one thing is for certain…everyone has a different mental picture of what it means. You’ve Been Invited to Daily Market Analysis and Get a Jump on Changing Market Conditions by Starting your day with fast sector analysis and market reports - trading information can be waiting for you in your in box.
Many traders associate the subject of Cycles with individuals such as Walter Bressert. This is an excerpt from an article he authored called “Trading and Control”:
“For commodity and futures traders, the trading technique of using cycles as a trading strategy will undoubtedly bring to mind trader and analyst Walter Bressert. Bressert, who has been in the trading industry for nearly 30 years, was the publisher and editor of the well-regarded newsletter HAL Commodity Cycles for 12 years.” Finding where the smart money is can be similar to a shell game, so how can you find where the smart money is going to strike next? The answer is simple: You find the top trending stocks! Strong trending stocks have major volume, a clear direction, and lots of liquidity - A.K.A where the smart money is. Wouldn't it be nice to find a list of current strong trending stocks?
How these well-known individuals have presented Cycles over the years has been in their raw state. What I mean is that Cycles for years has been taught to be the locating and following of a fixed interval on the price chart. For example, one might count the number of price bars from one market top to another and note that there are 30 bars. Then another 30 bars would be counted to see if yet another top or bottom has occurred. If so, the trader would then assume a 30-bar (day/week/month) cycle is in play and will be in expectation of another turn when the next 30th bar was formed.
With a strong 30-bar cycle in evidence, you just might get another turn 30 bars later. But what many have found is that as soon as you identify the cycle length it would no longer manifest itself. This has led many to disregard cycles for use in market timing.
It is a fact that Cycles are indeed repetitive patterns. So in no way would I suggest that these fixed-length intervals of tops or bottoms are not true Cycles. However, the reason many are unable to capitalize on using Cycles in stock or commodities trading is they have not come to learn what actually makes up the patterns they see on their price charts. It does not take long to note that those patterns are not fixed intervals of tops and bottoms for the whole world to clearly see and trade on. Instead, what we see are prices making big tops and little tops, big bottoms and little bottoms, and they are all spaced at different intervals that has led some to believe it is all random. However, nothing could be further from the truth!
What I have discovered in sharing my knowledge and experience in this field of Cycles is that those with backgrounds in Electrical Engineering, Analog Electronics and those that excel in logic or the visual arts are quicker to understand what makes up the charting patterns we see on our price charts when it is explained to them. This does not mean others cannot of course. Those working especially in the Electronic Communications field are well aware of what Cycles are and are likely to also know what you get when you combine two or more cycles together of different magnitude and wave-length. And that is what brings us to the next part of this series on Market Cycles.
What makes up the cycle patterns we see on our price charts? We will cover this in Part Three.
CYCLES – Part-Three
And example of a fixed cycle pattern can be found on this daily Canadian Dollar chart below. Starting from a predominate top you can see fairly clearly a market change-of-trends occurs on the daily chart about every 15-days.
If this pattern continues, we should see another turn come January 30th. But if you notice the pattern leading to the top where I started this count: ...there was no obvious 15-trading day cycle turning point. And very soon it will go away again. Perhaps it will stick around long enough for a turn on 1/30 before going away, or perhaps it is as good as gone now. The point is that fixed cycle counts have very limited use and cannot be considered reliable in matters of forecasting.
Okay, so up to now we know that there are fixed time-cycles found within the market pattern we see on the price chart. Then why is it that they come and go? And why does the chart patterns not appear as an even repetition of tops and bottoms?
The answer to these questions can be summed up into one answer: The market pattern you see on the price chart is the SUMMATION of multiple fixed cycles of different frequencies.
In analog electronic terms, the resulting output formed by combining several dissimilar frequencies (cycles per second – aka Hertz) is called DISTORTION. Although distortion is very important for creating amplifiers in analog circuitry, it does make timing tops and bottoms on the price chart much more challenging.
So where do all these cycles come from? Well, I could go into the subject of how some planets influence our seas and crops. I could also go into how they affect our moods (which would affect buy/sell decisions for example) such as the moon (Latin for moon is Luna, root of Lunatic).
However, I do not wish to open that can of worms here. Rather, you should be able to realize that cycles are all around us and affect everything we do. For instance, our weather goes through a time-cycle change. We have the cycle of day and night, the cycle of seasons, harvest cycles, business cycles, rain cycle, the yearly cycle, slaughter cycle, inflation cycle, recession cycle, etc.
Each of these various cycles has a different time (wave) length (called frequency). Alone each of these is easy to map and determine when the next wave will occur. But if you combine them together (summation), what you get is distortion that looks just like the patterns found on your price chart.
The reason that each market has a different pattern is some markets are more sensitive to certain cycles than others. For instance, weather cycles will have a greater affect on the grains than it will on the Currencies. Business cycles, inflation cycles and such will have a greater affect on the Indexes and Currencies than it will on the Meat markets. But even though the weather cycles may have a great affect on grains than perhaps the Meats, the Meats will be also be affected by weather cycles either directly or indirectly because of the connection between the Meats and the Grains. Are you starting to see how this works?
To take advantage of this trading knowledge requires you first acknowledge market cycles exist in the marketplace. It then requires you learn to de-trend the pattern in order to isolate the various fixed cycles that make up the composite. We will continue this in Part Four.
CYCLES – Part Four
The subject of Cycles falls into two camps. You have those that base their theories on the Random Walk (or the “drunkard’s walk”). One approach to de-trending involves the use of Fourier Transforms. Here is a excerpt about the use of Fourier Transforms found at the website below the quote:
“The Fourier transform, in essence, decomposes or separates a waveform or function into sinusoids of different frequency which sum to the original waveform. It identifies or distinguishes the different frequency sinusoids and their respective amplitudes.”
John Ehlers devised an approach to Cycle Analysis he dubs MESA. Claimed to be more effective for isolating short-term cycles over the Fourier Transform. Both these cyclic approaches are based on the assumption that the cycles found in market patterns are formed by random actions, a theory I have long discovered is not correct. However, regardless of the base theory to how cycles have come to exist within market patterns, the fact remains they exist. And so these varied approaches to exposing these cycles have proven to be useful to a degree.
Why I am able to say with conviction that market cycles are not the result of random behavior is based on my own experimentation in the field of cycles. We became interested in cycles after having read about them in famous old trader W. D. Gann’s books. The best of Mr. Gann's writing are excellent, including Gann's unique W. D. Gann trading course. These trader books did not provide us with much details we could use as far as time-cycles analysis goes, except that Gann started us looking in the right direction.
Having already discovered a geometric angles approach to timing market tops and bottoms incorporated into a trading software program; this was used for comparison purposes when I started to incorporate my theories about cycles into its own computer program. Today I use both programs to confirm their respective results. It is absolutely amazing to see the relationship between market cycles and market geometry. They are most definitely related!
My approach to time-cycle analysis is unique in comparison to those widely known and advertised. Rather than trying to de-trend historical market patterns into their individual components and then re-combined them for forecasting purposes, my approach is based on locating anchor points in time within the pattern itself and then moving it forward in time (and in-sync with the recent past) for the purpose of stock market forecasting.
For instance, at some point in time market patterns will REPEAT themselves. In its basic form, this is what many ‘technicians’ use to trade the markets. For example, you may have heard of the ‘M’ pattern or the ‘heads-and-shoulders’ pattern. You’ve no doubt heard of the ‘triangle’, ‘flag’ and others. Technicians have long discovered that the market will follow a certain behavior more times than not after these common patterns.
But imagine if you can locate COMPLETE patterns that span beyond a simple ‘flag’ or ‘heads-and-shoulder’, etc. Then imagine if you could find this repetitive pattern in more than one time period in the past. What you will discover as I have is that the time distance between the chart patterns are EQUAL in length. So then, once the pattern has been found, you KNOW where to plot it into the future; the exact distance from the end of the last cycle you identified.
It takes a very sophisticated trading software program to do all this comparing, but that's exactly what I had my program do. And the results continue to amaze me.
The point here is that what you see on your price charts is but a small sample of a much larger picture (going all the way back to when the market started trading). So it is easy to not be able to see the repeating pattern threads.
To help you further understand the depth of this cycle analysis and what will make it hard to easily see the patterns is due to the MAGNITUDE of some of the component cycles.
For example, consider the 2 cycle threads below (these are dynamic cycles as they the result of several fixed-interval cycles combined). The spacing between the numbers depicts the varied distances between the cycle turns (tops and bottoms). Note these distances vary because we are dealing with patterns as seen on your chart that are dynamic cycles and not just a single fixed cycle. The numbers we will call the MAGNITUDE of the turn. The positive numbers are tops, the negative numbers are bottoms. The magnitude will range from 1 to 10 for tops, -1 to –10 for bottoms. Obviously then, the higher the number positive the higher the top or swing-high, and lower the number is negative the lower the bottom or swing-low.
The above are 2 exact cycle threads based purely on PATTERN. Yet, the magnitude of these two threads is different. So if you rely on your ‘eyes’ to spot the patterns, you will not likely be able to do so even if you had ALL the data stretching back years before you on the wall. Thus, it takes a computer to help here.
Now if we had data covering centuries it may be possible to find the start of the exact pattern, magnitude and all, that has occurred since. Well, there just isn’t enough data to do this. Anyway, it isn’t important for our purposes. We simply want to determine when a market-turn is most likely. We don’t need to have the sight of God.
Informative and low-cost stock market trading e-books we recommend are listed at stock market e-books. Trader books dealing with Price Cycles and Market Geometry can be found at cycle-trader
Try to locate a good trading or day trading software program to perform extensive search for repeating cycle thread patterns (but ignoring cycle/price magnitudes).
You may wish to visit Ray.Tomes.biz cycles web site, which discusses Time Cycles on a deep level.
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